The 81-year-old veteran leader was arrested in April, and sentenced after being charged with incitement, as crackdown on opposition continues in Tunisia.
At least 19 refugees and migrants from sub-Saharan Africa have drowned off the coast of Tunisia while trying to cross the Mediterranean and reach Italy.
Slavery was formally abolished in Tunis and in part of what forms modern-day Tunisia in 1846. On October 9, Tunisia's parliament adopted a landmark law penalizing the use of racist words, the incitement of hatred and discrimination. These crimes are now punishable by three years in prison and a US$5,600.