Rafah governorate has become the most densely populated part of Gaza, with 12,000 people per square kilometre, the United Nations warned on Wednesday.
“Population density is assessed to now exceed 12,000 people per square kilometre, a fourfold increase prior to the escalation,” said the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
“Thousands of people line up before aid distribution centres in need of food, water, shelter, and protection, amid the absence of latrines and adequate water and sanitation facilities in informal displacement sites and makeshift shelters.”
Meanwhile, a mosque and a number of residential homes have been destroyed in an Israeli strike on the city of Rafah.
The buildings were hit near the Kuwaiti Hospital in the city, in southern Gaza.
An unknown number of casualties have been left under the rubble, according to local media.
At least 19,667 Palestinians have been killed in Israeli attacks since October 7.